The Background is Oil
[For many it is
difficult to accept the truth about the events of September
11th without seeing the context of an unavoidable global
crisis that cannot be postponed or evaded. The myth of perpetual
American prosperity is destroyed by this layman-friendly
analysis of the global oil picture and the hard choices
facing the planet. Enron employees are only adding to a
list of innocent American victims that is going to increase
rapidly. There are solutions, however, that do not necessitate
support for the global dictatorship that is rapidly falling
upon us all. Many thanks to Dale Allen Pfeiffer for this
cogent and ominous analysis. - MCR]
FTW, December 18,
2001 -- The past year has seen events unprecedented in the
history of this country, from the installment of George
W. Bush as president due to an extremely controversial 5
to 4 decision of the Supreme Court to the horrific terrorist
attacks of 9-11. These events seem unreal and beyond comprehension.
Many people have been left wondering why the presidential
coup and why the terrorist attacks.
Many people have
assumed that the last presidential election simply resulted
in a political squabble due to the close vote. A few have
opined that this squabble resulted in a power grab by one
segment of the elite in this country. As for the events
of 9-11, the established line is that this was due to evil
people who hate freedom and democracy. However, many people
have sought to explain that these terrorists were bred by
decades of imperialist intervention undertaken by this country
in order to keep secure the privileged position of US corporations
and the US public in general. There are a small few who
have wondered whether the events of 9-11 were the work of
Islamic terrorists at all, just as there are a few who believe
that the Bush regime staged a coup in every sense of the
word. The wisest and best informed say all of this is about
To understand the
events of the past year, it is first necessary to set the
scene. And the scene in which all of these events have played
out is the approaching end of the oil age. This background
has not been talked about in the mass media, or even in
the alternative media. However, this knowledge is essential
in order to understand not only what has transpired in the
past year, but also the events to come. And we need this
knowledge in order to consider what actions we should take
to assure a positive future for all.
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The civilization we live in today is based entirely on hydrocarbons
(by which term I mean both oil and natural gas). The energy
which runs our technology is derived from hydrocarbons.
The energy which does our work is derived from hydrocarbons.
The energy which powers our homes, our transportation and
which generates our electricity is all largely derived from
hydrocarbons. All of the plastics which surround us with
consumer goods are derived from hydrocarbons. Our produce
is fed with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers and sprayed with
hydrocarbon-based pesticides. Every person in the US has
the energy equivalent of a dozen slaves working for him
Why this dependency
on oil? Simply put, there is no other energy source which
holds as much energy per unit. The only exception to this
is uranium, which is dangerous, difficult to work with,
and far too rare an element to ever provide for more than
a small percentage of our energy needs. 1 Even the highest grade of coal only holds about 50%
as much energy as an equivalent quantity of hydrocarbons. 2 Renewable energy resources can provide nowhere near
enough energy to meet our current needs.3 Fusion remains, as ever, just beyond our grasp. The
highly touted hydrogen fuel cells are not an energy source
but a form of energy storage; the energy contained in the
fuel cell must be generated from another source.
In short, there is
no other source which can provide for the energy needs of
our present civilization.
considered a nonrenewable resource. Many millions of years
ago, atmospheric carbon was absorbed by ocean waters and
ultimately processed into living matter. Millions of years
ago the oceans abounded in microorganisms. Life forms similar
to plankton were far more abundant than they are even at
the present time. As these organisms died their bodies settled
on the ocean floor, forming an organic ooze. It is interesting
to note that the planet was incapable of supporting terrestrial
life until much of the carbon had been leeched from the
atmosphere. Atmospheric carbon is a poison which had to
be locked into sediment by ocean life before land-dwelling
life forms could evolve.
Once this organic
ooze was deposited, it had to be buried in sediment and
subjected to just the right combination of conditions in
order to transform it into energy rich hydrocarbons. The
combination of pressure, heat and time is very precise.
Too much pressure will transform the carbon to graphite.
Too much heat will overcook it.
Finally, once the
ooze has been transformed into hydrocarbons, they will migrate
through the Earth's crust until captured by the "trap."
A trap is a non-permeable geological formation which holds
the hydrocarbons and prevents them from escaping. Without
a trap, the hydrocarbons will migrate to the Earth's surface
and dissipate into the atmosphere.
All of the conditions
for hydrocarbon generation have only been met once in the
history of the Earth. It is arguable that the process of
transforming atmospheric carbon into hydrocarbon deposits
itself altered atmospheric, oceanic and earth chemistry,
as well as the biosphere, in such a way that the process
will never be repeated, it would take millions of years
for hydrocarbon deposits to be replenished.
And so hydrocarbons
are a nonrenewable resource which we are using up at an
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The production of
oil from any given field follows a bell curve. After discovery
of the field, production increases as more and more wells
are opened. A team of exploration geologists and engineers
will quickly map out the field and develop a pattern of
well placement so as to maximize production. Each well has
a cone of production which, when well placed, will cover
the entire field. If placed too closely, the cones of production
will overlap and the overlapping wells will each wind up
producing less. So, to increase production by drilling more
wells only works until the field is covered, beyond which
point adding more wells only leads to diminishing returns.
Because of this,
there is a point where the production of any particular
field is maximized. This is the peak of the production curve.
The peak can be narrow or broad, short or long in duration,
but production will never be increased beyond this point.
In the earth, oil
moves at a very slow rate. The classic gusher effect is
due to the fact that oil at depth is held under pressure.
When a hole is drilled, the oil in the area immediately
around the hole is ejected by this pressure. Once this oil
has been pumped, the well must draw oil from farther away.
Under its own impetus, oil travels at a very slow rate,
the same rate as damp spreading through a stone foundation.
Once a well has pumped all of the oil in its immediate vicinity,
the rate of production must drop. We have techniques for
boosting the draw of a well, such as pumping in water under
pressure at other sites to drive oil to the well. But production
will inevitably decrease.
This is the downward
side of the production curve. On this downward slope more
and more energy is required to pump oil from a field, until
a point is reached where it takes as much or more energy
to pump the oil than can be extracted from the oil. At this
point the wells are closed and the field ceases production,
This is the trend
for every oil field ever discovered: increasing production,
peak production, and declining production. Even fields as
immense as those in Saudi Arabia follow this pattern.
In the 1950s and
1960s, Dr. King Hubbert managed to combine production from
several different wells to develop production profiles for
regions, nations, and even the entire planet. These regional
oil production plots also have the form of a bell curve,
known now as the Hubbert curve. Such curves can be used
to predict peak production and decline, both nationally
and globally. Using this technique, Dr. Hubbert was able
to surmise that US oil production would peak in the early
1970s and then fall into decline. Dr. Hubbert was ridiculed
by other scientists who relied on differing, erroneous methodologies.
US oil production
did peak in the early 1970s. To meet its rising energy needs
after this point the US became increasingly dependent on
foreign oil. This paved the way for the Arab oil embargo.
By the end of the decade, US oil production had begun to
decrease irreversibly. Whatever anyone tries to say to the
contrary, our dependence on foreign oil is permanent and
increasing all the time. Dr. Hubbert was vindicated, and
his is now the standard methodology for projecting oil production.
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curves have also been in existence since the 1960s. They
have been refined as data on oil resources is revised; yet
the timing and length of the peak have varied little through
the years. Global oil production peaked sometime in this
past year and will begin to decline within another five
years. Production will peak at a maximum of 90 million barrels
per day; however, demand stands at 75 million barrels per
day currently and will rise by 2.5 % per year to 100 million
barrels per day by 2010. 6
This is the composite
global picture. To better understand what is happening,
we have to compare various oil producing regions. In doing
this we see that, except for the Middle East and the Caspian
Sea Basin, the rest of the world has already peaked, and
most oil producing regions are now in decline. The Middle
East and Caspian Sea regions are not expected to peak for
at least several years to come. With the passage of time,
all countries will vie with each other for the oil of these
regions, vying for the survival of their civilization. And
whoever controls the oil production of the Middle East and
Caspian Sea regions will control the world.
More could be said
about natural gas, which is also expected to decline in
production in the next decade.8
, 9 Likewise, the coal
resources within the US will be exhausted in another fifty
years at most.10 And coal alone will never meet our current, much
less projected, energy demand. Nor can salvation be expected
from the Athabaskan (Alaskan) oil sands, which require a
major energy investment to harvest and process.
<click image to enlarge>
<click image to enlarge>
Number of Years to
Peak for Various Nations, 1998
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Now that we have
this background in place, let's reflect on the events of
the past year.
The 2000 presidential
election has been referred to as a coup, and there is good
reason for this. Never mind the widespread corruption and
voter fraud. Never mind the disenfranchisement of black
voters and the outright destruction of untallied ballots
in minority voting precincts. Never mind the manipulations
of James Baker, Governor Jeb Bush and various other Florida
officials. The Supreme Court decision was itself unheard
of, and probably unconstitutional. The self-described job
of the Supreme Court is to decide questions of constitutional
law and set precedents. Yet in this one case and no other
in the history of the US the Supreme Court stated that it
was rendering a special decision which cannot be used as
a precedent in any other case.12
So we have a president
put into office by a 5 to 4 vote of the Supreme Court, in
direct opposition to the popular vote. What about the background
of this president and his cabinet? The Bush cabinet is a
virtual who's who of oil, defense and pharmaceutical bigwigs. 13 The Bush family is itself closely tied financially
to the bin Ladens.14 , 15 Both families are involved in the Carlyle Group.
16 Bush Sr. sits on the board of Carlyle, a 12 billion
Equity company with oil holdings and defense contracts. 17 Dick Cheney was the former CEO of Halliburton Oil.
Colin Powell is a major stockholder in several defense contractors.
National Security Advisor Condoleeza Rice sat on the board
of Chevron. Andrew Card, the Chief of Staff is from General
Motors. Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, was CEO of
Searle Pharmaceuticals. Dick Armitage, the Deputy Secretary
of Defense, has ties to the Russian mafia and is a board
member of Carlyle. Robert Jordan, the Saudi ambassador,
was a member of Baker Botts, a legal firm specializing in
oil and defense (the Baker in Baker Botts is James Baker).
Tony Principi, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, comes from
Lockheed Martin. Gordan England, Secretary of the Navy,
is tied to General Dynamics. James Roche, Secretary of the
Air Force, is from Northrop Grumman. Gen. Thomas White,
retired, Secretary of the Army, is from Enron Energy. Donald
Evans, the Commerce Secretary, owns Colorado Oil Company.
National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice sat on the board
of Exxon. And Mr. Carlucci, the Chief of Carlyle, sits on
the Middle East Policy Council. 18
One of the first
acts of the Bush administration was to declare an energy
crisis and delineate a controversial set of measures for
solving this problem. On the surface, the Bush energy package
called for increased domestic production. This is the favored
solution of certain mainstream, free-market economists,
who believe that increased production is the answer to current
energy woes while research and development of new technology
will take care of the future. Most mainstream economists
refuse to realize that hydrocarbons are the underpinning
of our technological civilization, instead of just another
commodity. And, of course, increasing production has great
appeal to businesspeople whose prime concern is maximizing
Under the surface,
however, the Bush energy package is a give away for the
oil industry, and a strengthening of US commitment to support
corporate oil interests. The energy package sought to give
away drilling rights in the Alaskan National Wildlife Arctic
Reserve (ANWAR) and other remaining wilderness areas, open
up our continental shelves to full exploitation, role back
environmental and health regulations, and subsidize the
oil industry with major tax breaks. One controversial measure
which received very little attention was an item allowing
energy corporations to extract resources from public land
without paying for the right to do so. The Bush energy plan
was a giveaway for energy corporations. It met with stiff
opposition in congress and certain prized measures such
as drilling in ANWAR were defeated. Related to the energy
package was President Bush's withdrawal from the Kyoto Treaty
on global warming, which action was reviled around the world.
In his first months
in office, Bush managed to alienate almost every country
on the planet in one arrogant move after another. When asked
what he would do should Canada seek to limit natural gas
flow to the United States, Bush said he would do whatever
was necessary to protect our right to Canada's natural gas.
Likewise, at home, he was highly reviled by many US citizens.
There was even some talk of impeachment. All of this changed
after 9-11, and it is to be wondered how the Bush administration
would have survived without the terrorist attacks.
It is now early summer
of 2001, and the Bush administration informs Pakistan and
India that it will launch a military mission against Afghanistan
before the end of October.19
, 20 This is the same Afghanistan
to which the US gave 43 million dollars just a couple months
before to aid them in destroying their poppy crops; that
on top of 132 million given to the Taliban in the previous
year. 21 , 22 At the time Secretary of State Colin Powell informs
Pakistan and India of US intentions there is no animosity
between the US government and the Taliban, despite the fact
that the Taliban is openly harboring wanted terrorist Osama
In July, while seeking
treatment for a kidney infection at an American hospital
in Dubai, Osama bin Laden is visited by a CIA operative
who later brags about the meeting.23
Shortly after this meeting came to light in late October,
the CIA issued a statement insisting that it has never had
contact with Osama bin Laden. Yet it is very well known
that the CIA originally trained and supported bin Laden
during the Taliban's fight against Soviet invasion. 24 , 25 , 26
After 9-11 there
has been a great deal of investigation to see who profited
from the attack on the World Trade Center. Investigators
have turned up a list of financial institutions in the US
which profited from short-selling and put options on the
WTC, airline companies and the companies housed in the WTC.
Short selling and put options indicate prior knowledge that
an asset is about to lose its value. The list of brokers
handling the insider trading connected to 911 includes A.B.
Brown, an investment bank. "Buzzy" Krongard, the
current Executive Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
is the former Chairman of the investment bank A.B. Brown.27 , 28
In the months prior
to the terrorist attacks, there were many warning passed
around various levels of the government and elsewhere. David
Schippers the Republican lawyer who pressed impeachment
against President Clinton, claims he spent months before
9/11 trying to get information to Attorney General Ashcroft
from FBI agents who claim they were told not to investigate
leads that suggested a terrorist attack on Manhattan was
imminent. 29 The New York Daily News stated that some Middle-Easterners
in New York were forewarned of the attacks.30 Bin Laden had warned a few months previously that
he and his followers would undertake an unprecedented attack
on US interests. 31 Finally, on Friday,
Sept 7, the State Dept issued a worldwide terrorist alert
to Americans abroad.32 It is hard to believe that no one in the US intelligence
community had knowledge of the pending attacks.
Between 7:45 and
8:10 EST, the morning of September 11th, four US passenger
jets were hijacked simultaneously. This was an event unprecedented
in US history and should have set off all sorts of alarms
by itself. Nothing was done. The FAA had all four planes
on radar the whole time. 35 minutes later, American Airlines
flight 11 crashed into the World Trade Center. The air force
was not scrambled. President Bush was not even informed.
After another 18 minutes, United Airlines flight 175 struck
the second tower of the WTC. Bush is briefly informed of
these events as he attends a 2nd grade class in Florida.
Instead of taking emergency actions, Bush continues with
his lessons. Another excruciating 37 minutes pass during
which nothing is done. Radar tracks American Airlines flight
77 as it flies by Washington D.C., makes a tight spiraling
descent, descending 7,000 feet in 2.5 minutes, and levels
off to fly straight into the Pentagon at 640 knots, clipping
power lines along the way.
Some time later,
United Airlines flight 93 crashes in Pennsylvania. Witnesses
report debris falling from the plane many miles before it
hit ground. There has been a lot of speculation about the
intended target of this 4th plane. Some say the target was
Camp David, some the White House. It has also been speculated
that this craft sought a midair collision with Air Force
One. We will probably never know its intended target. However,
it is interesting to consider if the target of flight 93
had actually been the Capitol Building. Had this jet struck
congress, President Bush might have temporarily assumed
the powers of congress.
After 9-11, President
Bush's approval rating rose to 80%. A wave of patriotic
hysteria has washed over the entire country, giving Bush
the mandate he so desperately desired. Instead of seeking
out the perpetrators and bringing them to justice through
legal channels, Bush declared war on all terrorists and
on any country which harbors or supports terrorists. This
is to be a very long and open-ended war, without specific
goals against which its success and eventual resolution
can be measured. Operation "Infinite Justice"
as it was originally called. The US public must prepare
themselves to suffer and sacrifice while the war itself
will be fought largely in secret.
President Bush quickly
established a new cabinet level Office of Homeland Security,
to be headed by former Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge.
This office is to stand over and coordinate among all existing
domestic police on national, state and local levels. And
it is to be given its own special security forces with practically
unlimited powers. Among their duties will be monitoring
interstate travel at checkpoints and policing protests.
Security forces will reserve the right to kill anyone who
resists them. Bush and Ridge are pushing for national ID
cards, and it is rumored that checkpoints will be equipped
with face recognition technology. 33
In congress, unpopular
legislation which had previously limped along was rammed
through with patriotic fervor. Lobbyists lined up in a feeding
frenzy. Where only a month before budget surpluses had dried
up and congress people were arguing for defense cuts, now
practically the entire budget was given over to defense
spending. And finally, congress passed a new anti-terrorism
act which granted police and the military vast new powers,
ended habeas corpus and the posse comitatus act, and severely
hamstrung the Bill of Rights. 34
All the while, the
public is being kept in a state of alert with threats of
anthrax exposure and other vague terrorist alarms. The anthrax
attacks are themselves extremely peculiar. The Bush administration
wants to point the blame at Iraq, while the FBI and other
investigators believe them to be the work of homegrown,
probably rightwing, terrorists. Yet all the leads seem to
evaporate into thin air. The main targets, media and Democratic
Senator Tom Daschle, make little sense if the perpetrators
are Islamic extremists. Those who would benefit the most
from these attacks are President Bush and his administration,
as the attacks only serve to scare the media and his political
opposition further into his protective arms. Finally there
is the ineffective nature of the attacks; for the most part,
the exposures are easily treated with antibiotics. It would
be easier and more effective to use letter bombs. That is,
unless your goal was to instill fear in the media, the political
opposition and the general public without massive casualties.
Lastly, the assault
on Afghanistan began just as planned. And the US now has
the excuse to attack any other nation it pleases. All that
is required is to first label them as terrorists.
Just what was the
planned purpose of the assault on Afghanistan? You could
say it was a pipe dream. US oil interests have their eye
on large untapped hydrocarbon resources in the Caspian Sea
region. Just as the Bosnian conflict was part of an effort
to secure the Balkan states for an oil and gas pipeline
to the European energy market, so the US is seeking secure
passage for a pipeline through Afghanistan to feed the Asian
energy markets and the US itself.36
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Beyond this, the
War on Terrorism, gives the US a perfect excuse to seize
control of major oil deposits in other countries such as
Iran and Colombia. Likewise, it legitimates a police state
within the US so that the elite can prepare for the day
when the common people of this country are impoverished
and starving due to the collapse of oil-based civilization.
The Elite will maintain their own comfort and their average
of twelve energy slaves per person.
Here then, is the
scenario. Wary of the peak and approaching decline of hydrocarbon
production, the oil and defense elite in this country back
a political coup to put their people in the White House.
However, this oil administration can do very little toward
achieving their ends because of unpopularity at home and
abroad. In growing desperation, this regime provokes and
permits, if not outright planning the enterprise on its
own, a massive terrorist attack against the US homeland,
striking at the very symbols of globalization and US imperialist
military might. Perhaps failing in an attempt to attack
congress which would then give the president the opportunity
to "temporarily" suspend the constitution and
assume sole power. This terrorist act negates all opposition
to the regime and gives them the authority to do whatever
they wish internationally and domestically to protect the
interests and the positions of the oil elite.
This scenario may
seem farfetched but no other theory can explain as adequately
all the events of the past year, given the facts that are
known and the background of the approaching end of the oil
Even if you don't
believe the events of the past year were intentional, that
does not change the picture of the future before us. We
stand at the dusk of oil-based civilization, and the US
is preparing for the approaching night by extending its
military might throughout the world and instituting a police
state at home.
Ending on a Positive
Global oil is peaking;
in five years we will no longer be able to produce enough
oil to meet the needs of our oil civilization. The oil elite
wants to grab the remaining supplies and dictate their use.
Likewise, the people of this country, who will soon be faced
by starvation and extreme impoverishment, can be held in
check through the establishment of a police state.
All the while, people
are being diverted from seeing that we have just enough
energy resources left that we could build a true ectopian
democracy where all of us could lead freer, healthier, more
fulfilling lives. We need bottom up democracy. We need small-scale
economies, and small-scale technologies powered by renewable
energy. We need smaller communities, structured to be self-sufficient,
all tied together by high speed monorails. We need gardens
and parks in our cities instead of cars. We need social
halls, not shopping malls. And we have enough energy remaining
to do this, if we act now.
The oil elites, however,
want to use our remaining energy resources to establish
a security state where they can enjoy the remaining riches
while the rest of us suffer, starve and slave for them.
Yet they are not
the ones pulling the triggers and enforcing the rules. We
are. And that's what they fear most. So tell me, what do
you think we should let happen now?
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1 ENERGY FOR TOMORROW'S
WORLD ; World Energy Council, p. 90, 1993
2 Energy Synopsis, Jay
Hanson, Mar, 8, 2001 --
3 Environmental Accounting:
Energy and Environmental Decision Making, Howard T. Odium,
Wiley, 1996. From page 314, we find that in 1993 total USA
fuel use was 4.78 x 10e24 sej (increasing about 2% per year
ever since). From page 187 we find that total net solar
radiation absorption for Alaska and the lower 48 was 4.48
x 10e22 sej. In other words, the USA is presently using
fossil fuels more than 100 times greater than the total
absorption of solar radiation across the entire USA!
4 ENERGETIC LIMITS TO
GROWTH , Jay Hanson; Energy Magazine, Spring, 1999; http://dieoff.com/page175.htm
6 Energy Synopsis, Jay
Hanson, Mar, 8, 2001 -- http://www.dieoff.org
7 The Hubbert Peak for
World Oil ,
8 Energy Synopsis, Jay
Hanson, Mar, 8, 2001 --
10 BEYOND OIL, by John
Gever et al., pp. 65-68, Univ. Pr. Colorado, 1991.
11 GeoDestinies, by
Walter Youngquist; National Book Company, 1997.
12 The Betrayal of America:
How the Supreme Court Undermined the Constitution and Chose
Our President , by Vincent Bugliosi, Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation
13 The Oil behind Bush and Son's Campaigns
by Ranjit Devraj, Inter Press Services, 5 October 2001;
Posted at globalresearch.ca 15 October 2001.
14 George W. Bush's
Dubious Friends , Intelligence Newsletter, 2 March 2000;
Posted at globalresearch.ca 1 October 2001.
15 BUSHLADEN by Jared
Israel, Emperor's Clothes; 8 October 2001.
16 Judicial Watch: Bush/bin
Laden Connection "has now turned into a scandal!",
Jared Israel, Emperor's Clothes; posted 6 October 2001.
17 The Carlyle Group
, Alfred Mendes, Spectrezine.
18 You've got to be
Up Front , Mike McCormick, transcription of an interview
with Stan Goff; October 24, 2001. http://narconews.com/goffmccormick1.html
19 US Planned Attack
on Afghanistan , George Arney, BBC; 18 September, 2001.
20 India in Anti-Taliban
Military Plan , Indiareacts.com; 26 June, 2001. http://www.indiareacts.com/archivefeatures
21 Bush sends Money
to Taliban while Planning War, TASHKENT, Aug 08, 2001 (Itar-Tass
22 The Washington Post,
25 May 2001.
23 CIA AGENT ALLEGEDLY
MET BIN LADEN IN JULY, From 'Le Figaro' [1 November 2001],
Translated by Tiphaine Dickson, By Alexandra Richard; Page
2, October 31st, 2001.
24 Washington: Parent
of the Taliban and Colombian Death Squads, by Jared Israel,
Emperor's Clothes; Posted 5 June 2001.
by Michel Chossudovsky, Professor of Economics, University
of Ottawa; Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG), Montreal.
Posted at globalresearch.ca 9 October 2001. http://globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO110A.html
26 GAPING HOLES IN THE
'CIA VS. BIN LADEN' STORY, by Jared Israel, Emperor's Clothes;
Posted 8 November 2001.
27 Suppressed Details
of Criminal Insider Trading lead directly into the CIA's
Highest Ranks, CIA Executive Director "Buzzy"
Krongard managed Firm that handled "put" Options
on UAL , by Michael C. Ruppert , FTW Publications, 9 October
2001. Centre for Research on Globalisation, globalresearch.ca,
20 October 2001. http://globalresearch.ca/articles/RUP110A.html
28 The CIA's Wall Street
connections , Transcript of interview with Michael C. Ruppert.
Guns and Butter, The Economy Watch with Kellia Ramares and
Bonnie Faulkner Aired on KPFA 94.1 FM, Berkeley, CA Friday,
October 12, 2001. Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG),
Montréal, globalresearch.ca 3 November 2001. http://globalresearch.ca/articles/RUP111A.html
29 David Shippers Interview
, Alex Jones Radio Show; October 10, 2001. http://www.infowars.com/transcript_schippers.html
30 Some Got Warning:
Don't Go Downtown on Sept. 11, By GREG B. SMITH, Daily News;
31 Who Did It? U.S.
Searches for Terror Clues; Analysts See Signs of Osama Bin
Laden, By David Ruppe, ABC News, Sept 11, 2001. http://abcnews.go.com/sections/world/DailyNews
32 David Ruppe, ibid.
33 Citizen, Can I See
Your ID , by Al Martin, Al Martin Raw.
34 ATTACK ON THE BILL
OF RIGHTS , by Marty Jezer, Brattleboro (VT) Reformer; 10/19/01.
35 From the United States
of America to the National Security States of America, by
Al Martin, Al Martin Raw.
36 Turkmenistan: China
Plans To Aid Construction Of Iranian Pipeline, By Michael
Lelyveld, Radio Free Europe-Radio Liberty; 17 November 1997.
37 Same Investors, Oil
Companies Merge, Poised for War Profits, H. Michael Sweeney,
[Dale Allen Pfeiffer
is a Michigan structural geologist, activist, and novelist.
He can be reached at email@example.com]