The Case for Bush Administration Advance Knowledge of 9-11
by Michael C. Ruppert
© COPYRIGHT 2002,
Michael C. Ruppert and FTW Publications, www.copvcia.com
all rights reserved. May be reprinted or distributed for
non-profit purposes only.]
[Ed. Note: May 31, 2002
- After commissioning a professional translation of a
Russian news story used
as a source in FTW reportage,
we discovered the word "suicide" was not contained in warnings
to the Bush Administration
from Russian intelligence. Although the word "suicide"
was not in the story by Izvestia, the fact remains 25
training for hijack missions and attacks in the U.S. could
have meant nothing other than suicide missions.]
April 22, 2002, 12:00
PDT (FTW) (Revised May 18, 2002) -- A dispassionate examination
of existing reliable, open-source evidence on advance warnings
of the Sept. 11 attacks provides strong and sustainable
grounds to conclude the Bush Administration was in possession
of sufficient advance intelligence to have prevented the
attacks, had it wished to do so. With a known intelligence
budget of approximately $30 billion, it must be assumed
there are classified files that only add to the weight of
the available data presented here.
This article will focus on four primary areas where the
U.S. was in possession of information that forewarned of
the attacks in sufficient detail to have prompted their
prevention. Those areas are: Documented warnings received
by the United States Government (USG) from foreign intelligence
services; Obvious and large scale insider stock trading
in the days before the attacks; Known intelligence successes
achieved by the USG in its penetrations of Al Qaeda; and,
the case of Delmart "Mike" Vreeland, a U.S. Naval
intelligence officer jailed in Canada at the request of
U.S. authorities, who -- with his attorneys -- spent months
attempting to warn USG and Canadian intelligence officials
of the pending attacks, only to be rebuffed and ignored.
As a last-ditch measure
in August, Vreeland, the jailed and disowned intelligence
operative, had two pens smuggled
into his jail cell of a different color and style of
ink than what was allowed by the jail. He wrote a hasty
listing details of the attacks and then had the letter
into his jail property, out of reach, and promptly advised
jailers that he was in possession of unapproved pens.
These pens were admittedly confiscated by jail authorities,
have retained possession of them and acknowledged that
had no such pens in his jail cell after that time.
This article will not focus on a number of well-known
and documented instances where the Bush Administration
interfered with or curtailed investigations into Al Qaeda-linked
groups that could have provided even more intelligence.
Included in this category are reports by the BBC's Gregg
Palast, the French book "The Forbidden Truth,"
and a lawsuit/OPR complaint filed by an active FBI agent
alleging investigations that could have prevented the attacks
were derailed by superiors.
WARNINGS FROM FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
This section focuses on known advance warnings received
by the U.S. government from foreign intelligence services
that proved to be specific enough to have identified the
date (within one week), method, targets, and perpetrators
of the attacks. It will not include warnings issued to the
USG that could be considered vague or non-specific. The
latter includes documented warnings sent by the governments
of Egypt and Israel. However, in light of the specific warnings,
these additional warnings add greater weight to the argument
that the Administration was in possession of sufficient
information to have prevented the attacks.
As reported in the respected German daily Frankfurter
Algemeine Zeitung (FAZ) on Sept. 13, the German intelligence service,
the BND, warned both the CIA and Israel in June of 2001
that Middle Eastern terrorists were planning to hijack commercial
aircraft to use as weapons to attack important symbols of
American and Israeli culture. The story specifically referred
to an electronic eavesdropping system known as Echelon,
wherein a number of countries tap cell phone and electronic
communications in partner countries and then pool the information.
The BND warnings were also passed to the United Kingdom.
No known denial by the BND of the accuracy of this story
exists, and the FAZ story indicates that the information
was received directly from BND sources.
According to a Sept. 14 report in the Internet newswire
online.ie, German police, monitoring the phone calls of
a jailed Iranian man, learned the man was telephoning USG
intelligence agencies last summer to warn of an imminent
attack on the WTC in the week of Sept. 9. German officials
confirmed the calls to the USG for the story but refused
to discuss additional details.
In August 2000 French intelligence sources confirmed a man
recently arrested in Boston by the FBI was an Islamic militant
and a key member of Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda network.
The FBI knew the man had been taking flying lessons at the
time of his arrest and was in possession of technical information
on Boeing aircraft and flight manuals, as reported by Reuters
on Sept. 13.
According to a story in Izveztia
on Sept. 12, Russian intelligence warned the USG that
as many as 25 pilots were training for missions involving
the crashing of airliners into important targets.
In an MSNBC interview on Sept. 15, Russian President Vladimir
Putin stated he had ordered Russian intelligence to warn
the USG "in the strongest possible terms" of imminent
assaults on airports and government buildings before the
attacks on Sept. 11.
Conclusion: From just these five press stories, then, the
USG had received credible advance warnings, some from heads
of state, that commercial aircraft would be hijacked by
as many as 25 hijackers at airports, with Boston a strong
candidate, during the week of Sept. 9. The call to Odigo
would have signaled the exact day.
No known preventive measures were taken.
The documented pre-Sept. 11 insider trading that occurred
before the attacks involved only companies hit hard by the
attacks. They include United Airlines, American Airlines,
Morgan Stanley, Merrill-Lynch, Axa Reinsurance, Marsh &
McLennan, Munich Reinsurance, Swiss Reinsurance, and Citigroup.
In order to argue that the massive and well-documented insider
trading that occurred in at least seven countries immediately
before the attacks of Sept. 11 did not serve as a warning
to intelligence agencies, then it is necessary to argue
that no one was aware of the trades as they were occurring,
and that intelligence and law enforcement agencies of most
industrialized nations do not monitor stock trades in real
time to warn of impending attacks. Both assertions are false.
Both assertions would also ignore the fact that the current
executive vice president of the New York Stock Exchange
(NYSE) for enforcement is David Doherty, a retired CIA general
counsel. And also ignored is the fact that the trading in
United Airlines stock -- one of the most glaring clues --
was placed through the firm Deutschebank/Alex Brown, which
was headed until 1998 by the man who is now the executive
director of the CIA, A.B. "Buzzy" Krongard.
One wonders if it was a coincidence then, that Mayo Shattuck
III, the head of the Alex Brown unit of Deutschebank --
which had its offices in the WTC -- suddenly resigned from
a $30 million, three-year contract on Sept. 12, as reported
by the New York Times and other papers.
The American exchanges that handle these trades, primarily
the Chicago Board of Options Exchange (CBOE) and the NYSE,
know on a daily basis what levels of put options are purchased.
"Put options" are highly leveraged bets, tying
up blocks of stock, that a given stock's share price will
fall dramatically. To quote 60 Minutes from Sept. 19, "Sources
tell CBS News that the afternoon before the attack, alarm
bells were sounding over unusual trading in the U.S. stock
It is hard to believe that they missed:
- A jump in UAL put options 90 times (not 90 percent) above
normal between Sept. 6 and Sept.10, and 285 times higher
than average on the Thursday before the attack. [CBS
- A jump in American Airlines put options 60 times (not
60 percent) above normal on the day before the attacks.
[CBS News, Sept. 26]
- No similar trading occurred on any other airlines. [Bloomberg
Business Report, the Institute for Counterterrorism (ICT),
Herzliyya, Israel citing data from the CBOE]
- Morgan Stanley saw, between Sept. 7 and Sept.10, an increase
of 27 times (not 27 percent) in the purchase of put options
on its shares. [ICT Report, "Mechanics of Possible
Bin-Laden Insider Trading Scam," Sept. 21, citing data
from the CBOE].
- Merrill-Lynch saw a jump of more than 12 times the normal
level of put options in the four trading days before the
These trades were certainly noticed after
"This could very well be insider trading at the worst,
most horrific, most evil use you've ever seen in your entire
life... This would be one of the most extraordinary coincidences
in the history of mankind if it was a coincidence,"
said Dylan Ratigan of Bloomberg Business News, interviewed
on Good Morning Texas on Sept. 20.
"I saw put-call numbers higher than I've ever seen
in 10 years of following the markets, particularly the options
markets,' said John Kinnucan, principal of Broadband Research,
as quoted in the San Francisco Chronicle," reported
the Montreal Gazette on Sept. 19. The paper also wrote,
"Agence France Presse, on Sept. 22, reported, 'And
Germany's Bundesbank chief, Ernst Weltke, said on the sidelines
of the meeting that a report of the investigation showed
"bizarre" fiscal transactions prior to the attacks
that could not have been chalked up to coincidence.
"Weltke said the transactions, 'could not have been
planned and carried out without a certain knowledge,' particularly
heavy trading in oil and gold futures."
ABC World News reported on Sept. 20, "Jonathan Winer,
an ABC News consultant said, 'it's absolutely unprecedented
to see cases of insider trading covering the entire world
from Japan, to the U.S., to North America, to Europe."
How much money was involved? Andreas von Bülow, a former
member of the German Parliament responsible for oversight
of Germanys intelligence services estimated the worldwide
amount at $15 billion, according to Tagesspiegel on
13. Other experts have estimated the amount at $12
billion. CBS News gave a conservative estimate of $100
Not a single U.S. or foreign investigative agency has
announced any arrests or developments in the investigation
trades, the most telling evidence of foreknowledge
of the attacks. This, in spite of the fact that former
and Exchange Commission enforcement chief William McLucas
told Bloomberg News that regulators would "certainly
be able to track down every trade."
What is striking is that a National Public Radio report
on Oct. 16 reported Britain’s Financial Services Authority
had cleared bin Laden and his henchmen of insider trading.
If not bin Laden, then who else had advance knowledge?
It has been standard and established USG policy to
be alert and responsive to anything even remotely resembling
on U.S. companies and/or the economy. The word "remote"
does not apply here. The possible claim by the Bush Administration
that, 'Gee, we just happened to miss this,' becomes even
more implausible when considering the lengths intelligence
agencies go to in order to track stock trades.
Note that the Israeli Institute for Counter-Terrorism
was the first entity to release a detailed report on
trading. That alone is prima facie evidence of a direct
relationship between the financial markets and terrorist
CIA AND THE MARKETS
We can thank Fox News on Oct. 16 for breaking post 9-11
stories disclosing the use of sophisticated PROMIS software
by the FBI and the Justice Department. A multitude of court
records and investigative reports have established not only
the reality, but the versatility of a program initially
designed to incorporate data from a variety of data bases
in different languages into one readable format. PROMIS
has since been refined to include artificial intelligence
and "back doors" inserted by intelligence agencies
to allow for surreptitious retrieval and/or removal and
alteration of data.
The Fox stories clearly confirmed, especially when added
to stories from last summer by the Washington Times which
were based on interviews with Justice Department officials,
that PROMIS was used to monitor banking and financial transactions
in a virtual real-time environment.
This writer has written extensively on the software. More
information can be found on the Web site at http://www.fromthewilderness.com/free/ww3/index.html.
However, one point is critical to this report. In fall 2000
I was visited in Los Angeles by two members of the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) national security staff.
They were conducting a major investigation inside the U.S.
to determine whether or not the RCMP's version of the software
had been compromised. During discussions with the Mounties,
I confirmed several times that the software was used to
monitor stock trades in real time. A subsequent investigation
led me to contact several people in Canada who had been
interviewed in the same investigation. They were stockbrokers.
In a taped panel discussion,
which aired March 14 on Canada's Vision-TV, I faced a panel
of three Canadian experts on the issue of U.S. foreknowledge
of, and possible complicity in, the 9-11 attacks. Among
them was Ron Atkey, former Canadian immigration minister
and the former parliamentary head of the committee charged
with oversight of Canada's military and intelligence operations.
Over the course of the program I made specific statements,
relying not only on the RCMP interactions but also on previous
investigations, that it was documented that intelligence
services track stock trades in real time. On camera, I produced
the business cards of the two RCMP agents. Atkey, who had
not hesitated to challenge me on other points during the
show, went silent.
Four basic intelligence successes need to be acknowledged
here. These admitted successes, while not addressing any
other still secret penetrations of the Al Qaeda network,
further diminish any Bush Administration assertion that
it did not know of the attacks.
On Feb. 13 United Press International terrorism correspondent
Richard Sale, while covering a Manhattan trial of one of
Osama bin Laden's followers, reported the National Security
Agency had broken bin Laden's encrypted communications.
Even if that prompted an immediate change in bin Laden's
methods of communication, just six months before the attacks,
the administration has consistently maintained -- and military
and covert experience dictates -- that the attacks were
planned for at least several years.
The FAZ story indicates that the secret eavesdropping program
Echelon had been successful in securing details of the pending
attacks. Echelon employs highly sophisticated computer programs
capable of both voice and word recognition to filter billions
of telephone conversations and locate specific targets.
Assuming, as some sources indicate, Al Qaeda stopped using
encrypted communications after it was known that their system
was compromised, why was the NSA not able to pick up any
cell phone calls or e-mails? Mohammed Atta and other alleged
hijackers were known to have used cell phones. The FAZ story
establishes that as late as June, Al Qaeda operatives were
being tracked in this manner.
In the trial of a former Deutschebank executive Kevin Ingram,
who pled guilty to laundering drug money to finance terrorist
operations linked to Al Qaeda just two weeks before the
9-11 attacks, indications surfaced that the Justice Department
had penetrated the terrorists’ financial network.
A Nov. 16 Associated Press story by Catherine Wilson stated,
"Numerous promised wire transfers never arrived, but
there were discussions of foreign bankers taking payoffs
to move the money to purchase weapons into the United States,
said prosecutor Rolando Garcia."
Two questions are begged but unanswered. How were the wire
transfers blocked and how was the Justice Department able
to monitor the money flows without alerting either the bankers
or the suspects?
Finally, as reported by the German paper Die Welt on Dec.
6 and by Agence France Presse on Dec. 7, Western intelligence
services, including the CIA, learned after arrests in the
Philippines, that Al Qaeda operatives had planned to crash
commercial airliners into the WTC. Details of the plan,
as reported by a number of American press outlets, were
found on a computer seized during the arrests. The plan
was called "operation Bojinka."
Details of the plot were disclosed publicly in 1997 in the
New York trial of Ramsi Youssef for his involvement in the
1993 WTC bombing.
"I believe that, from the
information I have seen,"Mike"Vreeland tried to
pass information to the Canadian government that should
have been passed to the U.S. government. That information
had to do with the attacks of Sept. 11. Whatever other attempts
were made by Vreeland and his attorneys to alert U.S. and
Canadian officials of the attacks, it is clear that he did
pass information about the pending attacks to his guards
in August. I am willing to go to the Secretary of the Navy
to determine whether or not he was actually a Navy officer.
"I know that there have been other U.S. citizens with
a similar background used on missions similar to what has
been alleged by Vreeland. This man fits a pattern. I would
like for the Secret Service to put him on a polygraph."
--"Mike" Osborne, a veteran
former CIA case officer with 26 years of experience in
With a court record now estimated to approach 10,000 pages,
the case of Delmart "Mike" Vreeland is starting
to attract worldwide attention. Vreeland, with a growing
amount of evidence admitted into court record in Toronto,
Canada, claims to be a former U.S. Naval lieutenant assigned
to the Office of Naval Intelligence. He was jailed in Canada
-- at the request of U.S. authorities -- in December 2000
after returning from Moscow.
Although Canadian authorities initially alleged vague fraud
charges against him and also held him on an extradition
warrant alleging credit card fraud in Michigan, the actual
motive for his arrest now seems to be something quite different.
All Canadian charges against Vreeland were dropped this
March and he has been granted political refugee status in
Canada until the extradition issues are resolved.
Vreeland's position is he returned from Russia to meet with
a Canadian and a Russian intelligence operative, and had
intended to hand over a sealed pouch containing intelligence
documents. When the handoff was compromised and the Canadian
did not show for the Toronto meet, Vreeland opened the pouch
and looked at some of the documents. Those documents, which
he later had translated, gave specific warnings of the pending
WTC attacks that took place nine months later. Again, on
its face, since these documents were in a sealed intelligence
pouch, this indicates intelligence operatives were aware
of the contents because they had placed them there originally.
According to both Vreeland and his lawyers, as reported
in numerous interviews with this writer and other members
of the FTW staff immediately after his arrest, Vreeland
began making urgent attempts to alert both Canadian and
U.S. intelligence officials of the coming danger.
After eight months of unsuccessful attempts to have either
Canadian or U.S. intelligence services debrief him, Vreeland
wrote a desperate, last-ditch warning in August. Through
means he will not disclose, he acquired two high-tech Pilot
water-based pens with light blue ink and used them to write
the letter. The only pens permitted by Canadian jail authorities
were oil-based, dark blue Bic pens.
Immediately after writing the letter, Vreeland notified
his jailers that he had pens which might be considered contraband.
A Sept. 17 letter from the Ministry of Correctional Services
was entered as Exhibit "M" into court records
on Oct. 7, along with Vreeland's warning letter which had
been opened on Sept. 14 and marked as Exhibit "N."
The letter states, "On August 13, 2001 inmate Vreeland's
corridor #2 was searched and as far as we know 2 blue ink
pens were removed from his cell because they were considered
contraband. There is no written record of them being placed
in his personal property. He did submit a request to have
them returned to him on August 14, 2001, but was denied."
Since the ink on the warning letter, if tested, will match
the ink in the confiscated pens, there can be no doubt that
the letter was written a month before the attacks.
In an interview
with this writer published on April 4, Vreeland clearly
stated his belief that Al Qaeda operations had been completely
penetrated by U.S. intelligence services. That belief is
supported by a statement in his warning letter.
The statement, following a list of potential targets that
included the WTC, the Pentagon and the White House said,
"Let one happen, stop the rest." Such a statement
could only imply complete penetration or compromise of the
terrorist cells perpetrating the attacks.
Compelling evidence continues to grow that Vreeland was,
in fact, a U.S. Navy officer. On Jan. 10 from open court
with a court reporter recording the conversation, his attorneys
placed a speaker-phone call to the Pentagon. A Pentagon
operator, after checking a military database, confirmed
Vreeland was a U.S. Navy officer and provided an office
listing and a telephone number for his office. In addition,
redacted and incomplete military records provided by the
Pentagon to the Canadian courts indicate Vreeland had a
service record of more than 1,200 pages.
This is difficult to reconcile with the U.S. Navy's assertion
that Vreeland was discharged as a seaman recruit after four
months of unsatisfactory service in 1986.
No press entity has covered the Vreeland case more than
FTW. This writer has traveled twice to Toronto, sat in on
court proceedings, and retained the services of a Canadian
correspondent to cover the case. I have interviewed Vreeland
personally and conducted numerous interviews with his attorneys.
Greta Knutzen, FTW's Canadian correspondent, has also interviewed
Vreeland and his attorneys, as well as Vreeland's mother.
Knutzen has attended every court proceeding since January.
All of our previous reporting on the case can be located
on the Internet at www.copvcia.com. "Mike" Vreeland
believes that if he is successfully extradited to the U.S.,
he will be assassinated. Previous press stories concerning
Vreeland's criminal past and a criminal arrest record fail
to account for the fact that, as an undercover operative
who targeted organized crime and terrorist organizations,
a criminal record would have been necessary to give him
credibility with organizations that previously demonstrated
capabilities to retrieve law enforcement records. They also
fail to account for an Oct. 2, 1986 Los Angeles Times story
that lists Vreeland as a non-criminal witness to a major
cocaine bust carried out by LAPD investigators known to
have contacts with USG intelligence services.
There is much about Vreeland's past that is objectionable,
questionable, or both. But even in a worst-case scenario,
nothing in his past explains how he was able to write a
detailed warning of the attacks before they occurred, and
why the intelligence services of both Canada and the U.S.
ignored attempts to warn them while both Vreeland and his
attorneys were banging down their doors.
There is clear and substantial evidence to suggest that
the Bush Administration had sufficient foreknowledge of
the attacks of Sept. 11 to have prevented them. Rather than
viewing each of the four listed areas as a separate piece
of evidence, they should be considered as a body, in the
exact same way exhibits presented to a jury in a criminal
trial are viewed as a body. By viewing the evidence in this
manner, an unavoidable conclusion is reached -- the USG
knew 25 hijackers during the week of Sept. 9 were going
to use United and American airlines commercial planes, some
of them likely originating in Boston, to attack the WTC
and the Pentagon. A multitude of press stories and intelligence
reports indicate the WTC would have been the primary target.
Given the financial commitments made during insider trading
activity that occurred immediately before the attacks involving
businesses that were directly damaged by the attacks, the
threats had clearly moved from the realm of speculation
to reality. Why else would mysterious investors have risked
millions of dollars to purchase the put options? There is
compelling evidence to suggest these trades were noted by
the CIA and other USG entities.
Recently, Rep. Cynthia McKinney, D-Ga., has been widely
criticized in the mainstream press for raising the need
for a Congressional investigation to answer some of these
obvious questions. This, in spite of the fact that popular
reaction indicates a different sentiment. An opinion poll,
conducted by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution just a day
after McKinney's remarks received wide public attention
in a Washington Post story dated April 12, was pulled after
poll numbers showed that 51 percent of the respondents agreed
The people seem to recognize and agree with the opinion
of former CIA officer "Mike" Osborne who says,
"I think that the U.S. government needs to get behind
McKinney's questions because her agenda is truth and justice,
and nothing else."
[Ed. Note: Special Thanks
to Kyle Hence for meticulous research on insider trading
acoverage in the major media and to Tom Flocco for diligent
work on the Kevin Ingram case.]